Most of the computer science students must have studied about AI or artificial intelligence. For others, they might not know what AI is. Yet, we all are living today with artificial intelligence-enabled technologies. We are using them as lifestyle gadgets, apps, in retail industries, healthcare, and the list goes on, where machines or computers perform equal to human intelligence. Here, we have briefed what is artificial intelligence and its four types in simple language.
What is Artificial Intelligence
As we, all know human intelligence is limited to our brain. Yet, artificial intelligence is through machines. They are computers, apps, and software, which simplified our lives today. Here, the machines take over human intelligence accepts by reducing human efforts to control the machine. Here, machines read various algorithms and evaluate them to perform like the human brain. Today, AI is a branch of computer science. There are many types of research, and innovations are going on in this field. This is because, the future is not with IT-enabled services, and it is through AI-enabled services. Examples of AI are as follows.
- Digital Marketing
- Image Recognition
- Mobile Apps (Finance, Travel, and Health Care)
- Robo Cars online assistants
- Robot-assisted Surgeries
- Robotic Vacuum Cleaner
- Search Engines
- Self-driven Car
- Smart Personal Assistants (Alexa and Echo)
- Social Networking Sites
- Spam Filters
- Speech Translators
- Strategic Games
Types of Artificial Intelligence
1. Artificial Superintelligence (ASI)
ASI is going to be the utmost happening thing that can develop as Super intelligence in the future. There are many types of research going on in AI. This seems to over through humans in all fields or the fields using AI to ease life. If ASI is the future, the acceptance will be limited as the developing country has to change their existing IT and cyber laws. They will strive to keep safe jobs, human safety with respect to the use of ASI.
2. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
AGI is still an ongoing process and research in the field of AI. This will enable to accept and add more multiple functions to generalize in the domains to use AI in general. Here, humans will be able to understand better the machine languages. You can put inputs in AGI to see how a human thinks. AGI can receive the same and interact efficiently. The AGI is still in the research stage. It may take over this world within a few decades to come.
3. Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
We use ANI in our daily life. This can be by playing a solo player chess game online or through download. You can use a weather app to check the current day temperature. In this case, they are routed to do a specific or a narrow task only. There are many apps available in the present days, which use ANI.
This AI type is still in research only. If it is developed, it can take over this civilization to the next level as machines can think as human being thinks. Here, it can recognize human emotions and respond with that environment too. This kind of advancement in AI will lead to making conflicts within humans, as everyone will try to safeguard his or her interest through Self-aware. This will change the warfare tactics in the military too. Pokemon Sword and Shield game are one of the examples of Self-aware in AI.
5. Theory of Mind AI
This is, as machines will think like humans. A simple example is a robot moving in a home or factory without hitting anything on its way. Here, AI stimulates the robot-like the mind of a human. Yet, there are many types of research going on this concept. In the future, the theory of mind will play an important role to act robots as human being thinks emotionally. The robots named Kismet and Sophia are set to design in the theory of mind concept.
6. Limited Memory AI
We use this AI technology in your daily life. Here, limited memory means, what we feed in a machine or robots. They will take those memories and respond. For example, the use of the image recognition tool is one such limited memory use in AI. Here it can scan the stored images only. It cannot perform more than that if no such image is matching with the listed memory.
7. Reactive Machines AI
A fine example of this type of AI is robots. Here, they do not store the past memory to learn or help in the future. They are designed to react with current situations. IBM developed this type of computer to beat Chess Grand Master Garry Kasparov in 1996. Yet, reactive machines are mostly used in AI robots. Yet, it is the simplest and earlier forms of AI.